PROJECT HISTORY

Commercial Filming on Palmyra Atoll National Wildlife Refuge – Appropriateness Finding and Compatibility Determination
March 2015 – Sep 2015:
Under contract with Borman Entertainment (Los Angeles, CA), I developed a refuge appropriateness finding and compatibility determination for a commercial filming project on Palmyra Atoll NWR. These documents were submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for their use in determining the appropriateness and compatibility of, and to potentially develop a special use permit for this proposed use.


Comprehensive Conservation Plan and EIS for Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge Complex Integrated Pest Management Description and Effects
February 2015 – July 2015:
Under contract with the Klamath Basin NWR Complex, California and Oregon, I described and assessed the effects of pest management associated with refuge cooperative farming/grazing and wildlife/habitat management programs. This included a description of cultural, physical/mechanical, biological, and chemical pest management efforts and the associated direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts on the abiotic environment; fish, wildlife, and their habitats; and refuge visitation. Covered refuges included Bear Valley, Clear Lake, Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, and Upper Klamath. This description and effects assessment is being used in development of the EIS associated with the CCP for these refuges.”


Comprehensive Conservation Plan for Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge Complex – Hunt Program Analysis
February 2015 – June 2015:
Under contract with the Klamath Basin NWR Complex, California and Oregon, I analyzed and documented the effects of refuge hunting programs. This included direct, indirect, and cumulative biological and visitor service impacts of 1-3 alternative waterfowl, upland game, and big game hunting programs, including guided hunts, on Bear Valley, Clear Lake, Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, and Upper Klamath NWRs. The analysis is being used in development of the EIS associated with the CCP for these refuges.


Recreational and Commercial Uses of Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge Complex – Compatibility Determinations
September 2014 – February 2015:
Under contract with the Klamath Basin NWR Complex, California and Oregon, I developed 11 compatibility determinations for waterfowl hunting; and commercial farming, haying, and grazing on Clear Lake, Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, and Upper Klamath NWRs. I also reviewed and commented on 2 other draft compatibility determinations. Some of these uses are very controversial. The documents are being used in development of the comprehensive conservation plan for these refuges and for management of these uses.


Public Uses of Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Complex – Appropriateness Findings and Compatibility Determinations
July 2013 – Present:
Under contract with the Stillwater NWR Complex, Nevada, I will develop more than 20 refuge appropriateness findings and compatibility determinations for a range of recreational and commercial public uses of Stillwater NWR. Later phases of this contract may involve development of appropriateness findings and compatibility determinations for a number of additional existing and potential uses of Stillwater, Fallon, and Anaho Island NWRs.


Commercial Photography on Howland Island and Baker Island National Wildlife Refuges – Appropriateness Findings and Compatibility Determinations
April 2013 – May 2013:
Under contract with Matthew Arnold Photography (New York City, New York), I developed two refuge appropriateness findings and two compatibility determinations for proposed commercial photography visits to Howland Island and Baker Island NWRs. These documents were used by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to solicit public review and comment on these proposed uses, and to develop special use permits for authorization of these uses.


Comprehensive Conservation Plan Background Document for Lower Klamath and Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuges – Review and Evaluation
September 2012 – February 2013:
Under contract with the Klamath Basin NWR Complex, California and Oregon, I reviewed and evaluated a technical report developed by the Refuge in support of their CCP efforts. This report included a review of relevant legislation and current habitat management on Lower Klamath and Tule Lake refuges. The Kuchel Act of 1964 established the purposes of these refuges as proper waterfowl management and optimum agricultural use that is consistent therewith. The information contained in the technical report will be used as the basis for development of a consistency/compatibility determination for the largest commercial farming program in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS). This farming program is controversial and the consistency/compatibility determination will likely be viewed as precedent setting for the NWRS.


Comprehensive Conservation Plan for Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge – National Environmental Policy Act Analysis and Documentation
June 2012 – September 2013:
Under contract with the Kauai NWR Complex, Hawaii, I analyzed and documented the environmental, social, economic, and transportation effects of 4 alternatives for management and development of Kilauea Point NWR. The analysis and documentation was designed to satisfy appropriate scientific, legal/policy, and format requirements for refuge CCPs and NEPA documents. The deliverable was the Environmental Consequences/Summary of Effects chapter (6) for the CCP.


Public Uses of Kauai National Wildlife Refuges – Appropriateness Findings and Compatibility Determinations
June 2011 – December 2011:
Under contract with the Kauai NWR Complex, Hawaii, I developed more than 50 refuge appropriateness findings and compatibility determinations for existing and potential uses of Hanalei, Huleia, and Kilauea Point NWRs. A diversity of uses were evaluated, including recreational fishing; wildlife observation and photography, and environmental educational and interpretation; research; cultural practices; public access; commercial uses such as photography, concessions, ecotourism, and farming/grazing; and other miscellaneous uses including boating, all-terrain vehicles, horseback riding, pets, picnicking, fairs, camping, and weddings. These documents are being used in development of comprehensive conservation plans for the 3 refuges and for management of these uses.


Comprehensive Conservation Plan for Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge – Guidance and Document Development
August 2010 – July 2011:
As a subcontractor to SWCA Environmental Consultants (Portland, Oregon), I helped Tualatin River NWR, Oregon develop their comprehensive conservation plan. I served as lead contract planner to guide early phases of the planning process, primarily development of goals, objectives, strategies, and alternatives. I delivered training on the process and associated products, participated in a public use review, planned and facilitated 6 core planning team meetings, participated in several public and agency scoping/coordination meetings, summarized public/agency comments, drafted a substantial portion of chapter 2 (Management Alternatives), and reviewed and commented on numerous documents generated by others. Our involvement was terminated when a new Refuge Manager decided to continue the CCP effort with in-house personnel. The draft CCP is scheduled to be released for public review and comment during 2012.


Commercial Recreation Services in the National Wildlife Refuge System – Review and Evaluation
September 2009 – October 2010:
Under contract with the headquarters office of the National Wildlife Refuge System, I conducted an extensive review of existing legal, regulatory, and policy guidance for commercial recreation services (e.g., guiding and outfitting), and associated permits, fees, and cost reimbursement. As part of the review, I conducted 2-dozen interviews with knowledgeable Refuge System and other land-management agency personnel across the Country regarding their experiences with these services and the adequacy of existing management guidance. Findings, analyses, and recommendations were presented in a comprehensive final report. The Refuge System is using this report to determine how best to move forward on this issue.


Ruby Pipeline Project and Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge – Regulatory Analysis, National Environmental Policy Act Evaluation, Appropriateness Finding, Compatibility Determinations, and Special Use Permit
March 2009 – August 2010:
As a subcontractor to SWCA Environmental Consultants (Portland, Oregon), I helped Sheldon NWR, Nevada address regulatory- and compliance-related needs generated by a proposed natural gas pipeline. El Paso Corporation proposed construction of the approximately 680-mile, 42-inch Ruby Pipeline from Wyoming to Oregon. The proposed route would run immediately south of Sheldon NWR and one alternative route would cross through the heart of the Refuge. I developed a comprehensive regulatory analysis that evaluated the application of Refuge System-relevant laws, regulations, orders, policies, and agreements to the proposed Pipeline as it could affect the Refuge. I provided multiple sets of detailed review comments on and recommended substitute text for the Pipeline’s environmental impact statement. I also drafted a refuge compatibility determination for the Sheldon Route Alternative, and developed an appropriateness finding, compatibility determination, and special use permit for use of Refuge roads to access the south pipeline route. Ruby Pipeline has been completed and is in service. It does not cross Sheldon NWR. Instead, it was built south of the Refuge and Refuge roads were used to access the route during construction.


Brine Shrimp Harvesting at San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge – Regulatory Analysis, National Environmental Policy Act Document, Appropriateness Finding, and Compatibility Determination
March 2009 – March 2010:
As a subcontractor to CirclePoint (consulting firm in San Francisco, California), I provided technical advice, analyses, review and comment, and document development regarding a proposal to resume commercial brine shrimp harvesting in salt-production ponds at Don Edwards San Francisco Bay NWR, California. I provided a legal, regulatory, and policy evaluation of the preliminary proposal, and also provided technical comments on a draft environmental assessment. I made substantial revisions to the draft EA and appropriateness finding, and developed a compatibility determination. The Refuge elected not to resume commercial brine shrimp harvesting at this time.


Public Uses of Pacific Marine National Monuments – Appropriateness Findings and Compatibility Determinations
March 2009 – June 2009:
Under contract with the Hawaiian and Pacific Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex, I developed more than 40 refuge appropriateness findings and compatibility determinations for existing and potential uses of Refuge System units in the Pacific Marine National Monuments. These monuments were established in January 2009 and include the Pacific Remote Islands MNM, Rose Atoll MNM, and Marianas Trench MNM. A diversity of uses were evaluated, including recreational, sustenance, and traditional indigenous fishing; wildlife observation and photography; environmental educational and interpretation; and scientific exploration and research. These documents are being used in development of management plans for the monuments and for management of these uses.


Spirit Lake Fishing Proposal – National Environmental Policy Act Analysis
November 2008 – January 2009:
At the request of the Clark-Skamania Flyfishers (a sport fishing club), I analyzed and developed a report on the NEPA implications of a proposal to open Spirit Lake in the Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument (Washington) to highly regulated, recreational fishing. The analysis is being used in negotiations among the Flyfishers, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the U.S. Forest Service (which manages the Monument).


Interstate 5 to Highway 99W Connector Project – Advocacy and Effects Assessment
Summer 2008 – Winter 2009:
At the request of the Tualatin River NWR and the Friends of Tualatin River NWR (a conservation organization), I served as the Friends’ representative on the Stakeholder Working Group for the Interstate 5 to Highway 99W Connector Project (proposed transportation projects in southwest Portland, Oregon). As the representative, I advocated for the Friends, the Refuge, and fish and wildlife resources in the area. I reviewed technical documents, participated in public meetings, and developed two letters (with technical, legal, and policy comments) on the Project’s Alternatives Analysis report. As proposed, the transportation projects will avoid direct impacts to the Refuge.